dragging string motion

The hole string is spinning left or right. The thick parts are slower, so the tail is faster than the body. The whole particle moves straightly, whereas the tail is spinning in front of the body.


The dragging string model describes the basic principle of motion of a wave particle and its "collision protection system". The Motion of the twisted string is more complex, because there is no hollow sphere, but only one spinning string. Its rotation and the twisting of it yields to a shape, that could be described as a sphere with two attached strings.


The tails are oscillating and it is proportional to the size of the sphere, but because of the glue crossing the oscillation of the sphere is inhibited while the oscillation of the tail isn't. Therefore the shape formed by the oscillation of the tail is a lot greater than the shape of the oscillation of the sphere.

The length of the tail decreases and increases like the amplitude, while it is rotating. The shape of the oscillating tail is a propeller with one bar. The size of the shape of the tail is much higher than the sphere, but also smaller.


The spinning of the tail a free moving twisted string is the frequency of the wave particle. The frequency is proportional to the size of its sphere and the whole particle.

A trapped twisted string changes the shape of its sphere, this will change its frequency and is called shaping.


The velocity of the twisted string is determined by its thickest part, its rotation centre. The sizes of the twisted string differ extremely, but the part which determines the velocity is in relation to the whole particle very small. There should be a difference of velocity between twisted string of different size and frequency. But it has to be very small. The velocity for all particles is therefore almost the same and is called speed of light, which is a fraction of the constant velocity of the quantum.

All the other parts are thinner, trying to travel faster and are oscillating in front of the rotating centre.

trapped twisted strings

The speed of trapped twisted strings is still the speed of light, but now they have to oscillate between each of the branch borders.

Because of the structure of the twisted string, there are two possibilities for binding together: The stable chaining and the opposite binding.


It could just be a still standing, but the momentum is to great and the two strings are falling apart.

the static shaking

Trapped twisted strings are acting like trapped momentum particles. If trapped momentum particle have the same shape and the vector sum is zero, the whole cluster is still standing.

But the sizes and shapes of trapped twisted string differ. Especially the nucleus of elements is containing at least two unbalanced junctions. The oscillation of the trapped momentum particles don't extinguish each other and the whole cluster is shaking.


The shaking depends on the shapes of the trapped momentum particles.

kinetic motion of clusters

A cluster of trapped twisted strings acts like a particle of momentum.


A cluster is keeping its momentum [B]. The momentum move to another cluster [C 1], can permanent disturb the shape of the cluster [C 2] or destroy the cluster [C 3].


Free moving field lines act like a single twisted string.

There are two kinds of trapped field lines: pulling and pushing.

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